Use of Telemedicine In Neonatology, Neonatal ECMO, Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
Languages Spoken: English, Hindi
Fun Fact: "I was a founding member of the Lawton Cricket Club"
Medical School: Pt Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post-Graduate; Institute of Medical Sciences; Rohtak, India - 2005
Residency: Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center Hershey, PA - 2010
Fellowship: Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh and Magee, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA - 2013
Board Certified in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine
Board Certified in Pediatrics
My long-term goal is to be an independent investigator and an expert in application of telemedicine to the field of Neonatology. There are many unexplored applications of telemedicine in neonatology which could provide potential solution for lack of access to neonatal intensive care to medically underserved populations. Therefore, the focus of my research over the last few years has been to evaluate the use of telemedicine as a primary means of providing neonatal intensive care in a medically underserved area. Recently conducted studies by our group demonstrated that care provided via telemedicine at a level II NICU is not inferior to care provided to medically similar infants at tertiary care NICU. Furthermore, we showed that parental satisfaction was found to be superior and comparable to that provided at a tertiary care unit. Additionally, we have also assessed use of telemedicine for ROP, CHD screening, Prenatal consultation and assistance with Neonatal Transport.
Select Honors & Accomplishments:
March 6, 2020 - Research Mentor Award, Department of Pediatrics/14th Annual Pediatrics Research Day (Received)
February 2018 - Young Faculty Research Award, Southern Society For Pediatric Research (Received)
2010 - Annual Pediatrics Visual Diagnosis Award, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA (Received)
- Makkar, A.+, Sandhu, T.# (2022). Multicenter Study Assessing Physicians' and Transport Teams' Attitudes and Expectations about Utilizing Telemedicine to Manage Critical Neonatal Transports. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare. PMID: 35765233. DOI:
- Makkar, A.+, Chaaban, H., Box, D.*+, Eckert, J. V.# (2022). Placental Neutrophil Infiltration Associated with Tobacco Exposure but Not Development of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia.
- Fang, J.#, Makkar, A.# (2022). Accuracy of Simulated Research Tasks by Community Hospitals Participating in a Multicenter Telemedicine Trial. Telemedicine and eHealth. PMID: 35167373.
- Fang, J.#, Makkar, A. (2021). Provider Perspectives on the Acceptability, Appropriateness, and Feasibility of Teleneonatology. American Journal of Perinatology. PMID: 34583392. DOI:
- Azzuqa, A.+, Makkar, A. (2021). Use of Telemedicine for subspecialty support in the NICU setting. Seminars in Perinatology, 45(5). PMID: 33992444. DOI: 10.1016/j.semperi.2021.151425
- Makkar, A. (2021). Utility of telemedicine to extend neonatal intensive care support in the community. Seminars in Perinatology, 45(5). PMID: 33941361. DOI: 10.1016/j.semperi.2021.151424